In the earlier parts of the treatment, supportive counseling is provided to the patient to help them get a better understanding by explaining the disease concept of the illness. It is of vital importance that the client comprehends what he has so the treatment can jumpstart in the right direction. It is common for individuals to move into denial and eventually to grief after learning about the nature of their illness.
At that point, supportive counseling is very helpful by aiding the patient in grief recovery and denial management. 12 steps are the core intellectual and spiritual content of AA fellowship (Alcoholics Anonymous) that outlines the program. These twelve steps are in fact principles that are spiritual in nature. When these principles are accepted and new routines and behaviors flow out of them; they lead to calm the obsessions relating to drinking and drugging thereby resulting in a happy and useful life.