The affected people also tend to experience somatic symptoms such as headache, sweating, digestive problems, heart-pounding, and rapid heartbeat after thinking about or recalling the traumatic event. They may have nightmares related to the traumatic experience and have disturbing flashbacks of the traumatic event, as if the event was repeating itself all over again. The affected people may also neglect health care and personal self-care. They continue to be severely restless and depressed for months or even years, which can seriously affect their quality of life and general functioning. Anger, nervousness, guilt, shock, or fear can be the initial reactions of people who experienced a traumatic event. With time, such feelings start to persist and increase. They become so strong and dominant that the affected person fails to live a normal life.
People with PTSD have symptoms for more than one month and cannot function as well as before. PTSD can be triggered among people who either directly experience the traumatic event, who are eyewitnesses to a traumatic event, or those who come to the rescue after the occurrence of a traumatic event, such as emergency staff members or rescue teams. Moreover, the family members or friends of those who experienced the trauma can also be affected by PTSD symptoms. Studies suggest that women are comparatively twice more vulnerable to developing posttraumatic stress disorder than men. However, children can also develop the symptoms of PTSD after experiencing a traumatic incident.